Microchips are so designed these days that they are more energy-efficient making tablets and smart phones stay charged for a longer time. The technology used these days in microchips can halve the amount of power used by the chips without affecting their performance. These new technologies do not require major changes to manufacturing facilities. The big companies and their rivals are in fierce competition to design and build processors with improved performance for smart phones and tablets and reducing their toll on battery life. It also makes the reduction in the amount of energy that turns into heat and is wasted as microchips crunch data which is the only reason for warming of the cell phones, laptops. After a number of years, lot of turning points and path, lot of twisting in the journey but at the last the companies get the reason behind the problem. As companies till now theoretically legging a couple of steps behind the extremely expensive cutting edge manufacturing technology and still the companies are making chips that are roughly as energy efficient. The chips are so developed so as to keep their performance high at the same battery life or by extending the battery life. The companies like Intel are also shrinking the circuits on its mobile chips so that they also get much more efficient. The microchips will reach a level where fundamental physics can no longer accommodate further reduction in size. Continuous advancement in microchips is continuing and to make them energy- efficient or energy- saving is the major area of their concern. The chips are developed by keeping in my mind that they are less energy consuming i.e. the consumption is from lower current flows enabled by efficient processor circuits and also the chips should have ability to add more functions with little or no increase in power usage and heat generation. The cost/benefit analysis is also done to justify adding function to the newest, energy efficient chips. The microchips are shrinking to get an efficient, flexible and productive execution and also as to lower the idle power. The dimensional change in the chips poses power-wasting current leakage. As the gate circuits and on/off mechanism of chips also affects and causes the leakage as the insulation layer of gate circuit has getting rapid progress in making them thinned to raise gate capacitance which gives higher chip performance, also the elements materials are so used so that they can boost in transistor performance up to some percentage. As to keep up pace with the demands and needs for ever-faster and smarter computing device the sizes of transistors is continually shrinking, allowing increasing numbers of them to be squeezed onto microchips. These days the success of the technology and electronic industries are centralized to microchips. All these advancements in the shrinking makes to get the achievement to be call as incredible shrinking.
The microchips designers remain far away from anything in the Quantum theory front. Quantum theory is a term applied to the behavior of atoms and subatomic particles. These bringing of most advanced and faster chips by designers is to match the increasingly tiny transistors. If the transistors were continue to be in their diminishing mode and reach a size of 25 nanometers then it will cause electrons to start defying the conventional laws of physics. A chip manufacturing is like a processing and printing of film. During manufacturing a chip design template and a photosensitive surface receives a beam of light. For the transistors performance the template gets a pattern etched on it acting like a negative. The whole process is called as Optical Lithography. The aficionado and pioneer Gordon Moore predicted that the complexity of Integrated – circuit chips would double every two years. The daily advancements in manufacturing allow the chip’s transistors to shrink and shrink continuously so electrical signals would have to travel less distance to process information. As microchips shrink, the electronic signals in its closely packed wires interfere with each other. Shrinking is like making stuff smaller.